Something that is generally not discussed except when symptoms become apparent is mental illness in children. It is a statistic that one fourth of all children and teens are affected by a psychiatric disorder in any given year. When seeking help and treatment for child psychiatry has qualified practitioners.
Depression strikes approximately two percent of all children under twelve years old. That percentage rises to four percent among adolescents. Children also suffer from behavioral issues and anxiety disturbances.
Adolescents are prone to developing addictions to drugs or alcohol. Bipolar disorder can manifest itself during the teen years as well. Schizophrenia, usually not appearing until late teens or early twenties, can begin at an earlier age.
Mental disorder has no single cause in children. There are tendencies that are biological. Psychological and environmental issues may promote the development of certain mental disorders. Biological causal factors are related to abnormal levels of dopamine or serotonin in the brain.
Sometimes the size of some lobes are larger or smaller than in people who are not mentally disturbed. Some areas of the physical brain may be more active in those with mental disturbances. Gender may play a role. Girls seem to be suffering from mood disorder more frequently than boys.
There may be a genetic component. Children with a parent who has mental issues are four times as likely to develop a mental illness, compared to children with emotionally healthy parents. This could possibly be attributed to the upbringing provided by parents who are troubled by mental illness.
The emotionally unhealthy parents would be less likely to provide a stable environment. Other causal factors include trauma such as abuse, death of a parent or being bullied. These things all predispose a susceptibility to developing a psychiatric disorder.
Mental illnesses occur for many other reasons. Some examples are poverty, divorce and constant fighting in the home. The patient may show a disturbance by acting bored, doing poorly in school or having nightmares. He or she may regress to bedwetting or other earlier behavior problems.
In severe cases, prescription medication may be needed. In many cases psychiatric care using medications and psychotherapy are used concomitantly. Severe depressive disorder, extreme aggression, bipolar or childhood schizophrenia usually cannot be controlled without medication.
In some cases a medical problem that requires medication may exacerbate the psychiatric disorder. In the case of depression it may be connected to medication taken for a thyroid condition. Many psychiatric conditions improve faster when medication is used in conjunction with psychotherapy.
Children will be treated for a minimum time period of six months. They can improve significantly and learn to get along with family members and children at school. When there is no treatment provided, they are likely to get worse.
Antidepressants used for children are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. These have an effect on serotonin levels. They are relatively safe and effective, making them the preferred medications for children. Bipolar disorder is treated with Risperidone, Aripiprazole or Quetapine for children over the age of ten. Treatment with medication must be closely monitored by a child psychiatrist.
Child Psychiatry Help For Mental Disorders.